What is the Holy Spirit?

Thomas 44: Jesus said, “Whoever blasphemes against the Father will be forgiven, and whoever blasphemes against the Son will be forgiven, but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either on earth or in heaven.”

In Thomas 44, Jesus warns that to deny our heritage is to blaspheme against the Holy Spirit, negating its action of unification. This is evident in the last part of the saying: ‘either on earth or in heaven’. We have seen that the way humans have perceived heaven is not correct (Thomas 3, 11, 18, 20, 22, 24), so these words have another, more cryptic meaning. In referring to both heaven and earth, Jesus gives people a clue as to what the Holy Spirit does—it is the thing that is the link between the physical and metaphysical, the intangible. The Son exists in this material/physical realm. They are the life forms where the light of the Father/Source, which went out onto the distant road (the abyss), may dwell. The Holy Spirit is the prime aspect of the Trinity as it links the Source (father) and the Son (all sentient beings). These are not three separate persons and one God—they are in fact facets of the one thing. The Trinity is a relationship between what humans have called God and humanity, which is something profoundly intimate and sacred. Denying this intimacy and this linking together is to blaspheme. The Earth represents the physical/material manifestation and heaven represents the metaphysical—the soul. Heaven and Earth are one and this union is manifest in human beings—the flesh and soul.

People whose faith denies the existence of the Holy Spirit are not being condemned here. Their deep love and commitment for their God is the Holy Spirit in action–it is their soul seeking connection with the Father/Source. When Jesus states that blasphemy against the Holy Spirit cannot be forgiven on earth or in heaven, He means that this is not a sin that can be excused. All other sins are something people can redeem themselves from, but this is different. This blasphemy is about denying the logic of the heart; the sin here is to not understand the reality, the truth. Forgiveness cannot make someone accept the truth. To not accept this truth is to deny the existence of the human heart, without which, the human tastes death, becoming the lion (Thomas 7).

In Thomas 44, Jesus reveals to us the importance of the Holy Spirit, confirming that it is the thing that binds all spiritual beings. The Father/Source is the invisible Light that is through all things (Thomas 77) and It is the thing our soul is made of. The Son is symbolic of human beings, who have evolved to house the soul—the prime example is seen in the proclaimed ‘Son of God’, Jesus Christ. In this realm (this universe) the Son’s are male, female, those identifying as transgender, and intersex. In ‘heaven’ (the other realms/dimensions) the Son is the genderless Spirit. The Holy Spirit is in union with the source of all things (Father) when the soul has become a Spirit. This union is above all else. It is for the recognition of this link that Jesus was thrust through the divide, into this dimension, so that the powerful one (this realm’s allure) could be metaphorically destroyed (Thomas 98). Through the action of the Spirit realm, humans could recognise the poverty and, instead, embrace the wealth—which they truly are (Thomas 3 and 29). The destruction of the flesh was Jesus’ final, symbolic statement. This action is mirrored in the strong words we see in Thomas 44.


Gospel of Thomas: On the Eucharist

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